Ficus carica is associate degree Asian species of phanerogam within the dicot family, referred to as the fig (or simply the fig). it’s the supply of the fruit conjointly known as the fig and is a crucial crop in those areas wherever it is full-grown commercially. Native to the center East and western Asia, it’s been sought-after out and cultivated since precedent days and is currently wide full-grown throughout the globe, each for its fruits and as a decorative plant. The species has become naturalized in scattered locations in Asia and North America.
Figs are often ingested contemporary or dried, and utilized in jam-making. Most business production is in dried or otherwise processed forms, since the ripe fruit doesn’t transport well, and once picked doesn’t keep well.
The wide made fig roll could be a biscuit (cookie) with a filling made up of figs. Fresh figs are found in one season from August through to early October. contemporary figs utilized in change of state ought to be plump and soft, and while not bruising or splits.
If they smell bitter, the figs became over-ripe. Slightly under-ripe figs are often unbroken at temperature for 1–2 days to ripen before serving. Figs are most flavoursome at temperature. Raw figs are an honest supply (14% of the Daily price, DV) of dietary fiber per 100-gram serving (74 calories), however otherwise don’t provide essential nutrients in important content (see table). In a 100-gram serving providing 229 calories, dried figs are an expensive supply (more than 20% DV) of dietary fiber and also the essential mineral Mn (26% DV), whereas many alternative dietary minerals are in moderate-to-low content. Figs are a nutrient-dense fruit that may be chromatic, copper or purple in color. you’ll be able to peel them and eat them out of hand, use them to create jam or add them to frozen dessert or food. contemporary figs aren’t continually accessible year-round within the Persia, however dried figs are comparatively straightforward to search out. though figs could give some health edges, treatment of any medical condition with figs is predicated solely on ancient use and not on scientific proof. A 1/4 cup serving of dried figs contains ninety three calories, one gram of supermolecule, 0.4 gram of fat and twenty four grams of macromolecule, as well as four grams of fiber, or sixteen p.c of the daily worth for fiber. Dried figs have a lot of fiber per serving than the other fruit, in line with the Academy of Nutrition and life science. Figs contain a kind of inhibitor known as phenols, which can lower your risk for heart condition and cancer by preventing cell harm by dangerous free radicals. Fiber lowers your risk for prime steroid alcohol, heart condition and constipation. The fiber in figs may assist you slim since it makes figs a lot of filling, serving to you eat fewer calories. Fig drying might be worn out varied ways that. the primary and customary methodology is exploitation daylight. Figs ought to be allowed to ripen totally on the tree before they’re picked. they’re going to not ripen if picked once immature. A ripe fruit are soft and starts to bend at the neck. gathering ought to be done when fig dried naturally on the tree. They take three – five days to dry utterly beneath the sun.Sun dried is that the most typical manner of drying for fig in Estahban. during this methodology fig fruit remains on the tree till 0.5 drying. when falling fruit and collect them beneath the tree, they decanted in pre-built special place. These places are called “Ashpeng” in Asian nation and after all they need alternative native names too.
Ashpeng got to be created expose to daylight all day long. needed time for Ashpeng to dry figs depends on the daylight and temperature and first figs water content. Generally, it might be state that fig drying in Ashpeng longs three to five days. Also, figs assortment ought to be worn out early morning before sunrise. as a result of with its heat, fruits become soft and storage may be tough. If collected figs don’t seem to be dried sufficiently and unbroken quality, they may be discoloured bit by bit and lose their initial quality. Dried figs may be keep for twelve months.The Egyptians, being preoccupied with their digestion, had a habit of abstinence. The fig having delicate laxative properties appealed to them as food that was delicious further as healthy. Figs are wealthy in iron, calcium, phosphorus, and atomic number 19. ascorbic acid and therefore the B cluster vitamins also are gift in little quantities. they’re conjointly an honest supply of fiber. Figs have the best overall mineral content of all common fruits. A forty gram (1/4 cup) serving provides 244 mg of atomic number 19 (7% of the DV), fifty three mg of atomic number 20 (6% of the DV) and one.2 mg of iron (6% of the DV). Figs are free from fat, sodium, and sterol.
The health edges of figs embody promoting healthy intestine perform because of the high levels of fiber. Figs are among the foremost extremely alkalescent foods, creating them helpful in leveling the pH scale of the body. Figs are high in natural and straightforward sugars, minerals and fiber. Dried figs contain a formidable 250mg of atomic number 20 per 100g, compared to milk with solely 118mg. Figs are among the tastiest and most versatile of fruits, happy in company with honey, sugar, skinny prosciutto, sweet spices like ginger, cinnamon and cloves and therefore the sharpness of lemon and orange. Dried figs will merely be devoured, utilized in a instruction as is, or simmered for many minutes in water or beverage to create them plumper and juicier. this will be flat-topped on frozen dessert, dairy product or desserts. Dried figs may be used interchangeably with prunes, dried apricots, and dates in most recipes. once getting ready oatmeal or the other whole grain breakfast dish, add some dried figs. Figs are used as a sweetener. thus typically used for cakes, pudding, custards or jams. Dried figs may be hold on within the original sealed package at temperature for a month. for extended storage, keep them within the icebox, six months to a year. Opened dried figs ought to be transferred to a sealable bag and hold on within the icebox. It is high in atomic number 19, iron, fiber and atomic number 20 Figs also are used for healthful functions as a water pill and laxative. wonderful remedy for Piles. a pair of or three dried figs soaked in quandary nightlong, taken early morning works best. offers comfort to individuals laid low with respiratory illness. If you boil 2 to 4 grams of dried figs in one liter of water, a decoction is obtained that is useful for treating severe lacerations and laryngitis. Brewed leaves of 1 to 5 grams per liter of water, sedative and prescribed cure. Dried fig decoction is prescribed in the inflammation of the respiratory tract. Dried fig fig decoction is very effective in treating sore throat and cold. If you pour 2 to 4 grams of dried figs in some water and cook over a gentle fire to serve syrup, this syrup will relieve sore throat and relieve cough. From the boiled dried figs in milk, a syrup is obtained Oral mucosa is used to relieve throat irritation. The dried figs are bitten and eaten instead of coffee. Round consumption of figs instead of coffee is useful in diseases of bronchitis, pneumonia and pertussis. Boiling a thin branch of fig tree extracts the water that accumulates in the tissues of the body, so it is useful in treating gastrointestinal disease. Eating dried fig decoction is useful in all respiratory tract inflammations such as pneumonia, pneumonia, asthma, shortness of breath, frequent colds. With a decoction of dried figs, it treats gingivitis, oral swelling and throat swelling. The properties of dried figs are much more than theirs, and each dried fig is as large as 4 fresh figs. Intestinal Cleansing and Constipation Treatment with Figs Soak dry figs in olive oil for intestinal cleansing and constipation treatment and fasting in the morning. they’re wealthy in fiber: Figs are an honest supply of soluble fiber that helps keep you full for extended periods of your time and relieves constipation. they’re wealthy in very important vitamins and minerals: Figs are rich in Vitamins A, B1 and B2, metallic element and metallic element, magnesium, copper, iron, and phosphorus.
The high level of metallic element and low level of metal offers relief to folks with cardiovascular disease. sensible supply of atomic number 20: High calcium levels gift in figs promote bone health. Boosts Immunity: Its high mucilage content helps to heal and shield sore throats. They take away harmful sex hormone from the body: Excess oestrogen hormone within the body will result in biological time issues, ovarian, breast and female internal reproductive organ cancer, weight gain and mood swings. Figs facilitate within the elimination if the surplus secretion from our body thereby avoiding the chance of obtaining the on top of things. They contain health boosting inhibitors: Figs contain a sort of antioxidant referred to as phenol that helps in reducing the chance of heart diseases and varied kinds of cancer. Get to grasp regarding inhibitor wealthy foods. Acts as a biological process aid: Figs also contain carotenoid still as benzaldehyde (anti-cancer compound), flavonoids and a biological process catalyst referred to as ficin. Aside from the calories figs are sweet and have a medium glycemic index of sixty one and a glycemic load of sixteen that is high. The high glycemic load (GL) of figs makes the glucose levels rise as dried figs quickly unharness high level of sugar within the body which can not be useful for people on weight loss and other people full of sort a pair of polygenic disease.Read to grasp additional foods to be avoided with polygenic disease.
Foods that are sweet and supply fast energy ought to be ingested early within the day so the energy free by them may be burnt in the day itself. There is a large vary of quality of dried fig within the market and the general public don’t recognize the distinction between them. The fruits of a fig grove or a tree may have completely different qualities in terms of size (small or large), color (white, creamy, light-weight or dark brown) and strength. However, reckoning on the environmental conditions, the share of the high-quality dried figs obtained from a tree are often terribly completely different compared with another. however beyond question, all fruits of a tree won’t classify in one or maybe 2 degrees which means each tree produces completely different quality product.Therefore, the collected product ought to be classified so as to selling and correct valuation.
Figs are extremely spoilable, that limits storage for long periods, and so as to expand the potential markets, most of the assembly is employed for drying. Figs are climacteric fruits and are slightly sensitive to olefin action on stimulating softening and decay severity, particularly if unbroken at five ºC or higher temperatures.The most necessary explanation for deterioration is that the incidence of microbic molds and rots that cash in of the simply broken stratum and also the high content of sugar in figs. Drying has several blessings for food quality with decreasing water activity, reducing microbiological activity and minimizing physical and chemical changes. Drying is out and away the foremost standard and effective way of processing/preservation of figs notable from prehistoric times. The necessary blessings of this methodology are its low price and also the indisputable fact that the obtained product doesn’t rely upon refrigeration. Iran is one amongst the main exporters of dried fig. Iranian dried figs are largely growing in Fars province that the simplest ones are made in iran space. Dried figs belong to iran are made within the ancient sun-drying methodology. thus let’s get to understand this methodology.
The semidry figs collected from the bottom are placed in one layer on wood drying trays. These trays are positioned during a special a part of the garden, the drying yard, typically situated during a sun-exposed open space faraway from mud and potential sources of infection, however shortly from a shelter (warehouse) used for storing the edible fruit in piles or sacks before commerce it to a sale agent. throughout sun drying, the figs are sporadically turned from one facet to the opposite till the water content of 18% to 22% is reached. Usually, it takes three to five days, counting on the weather