Fungi (in English: Fungi) Fungi form a separate group of eukaryotes and are neither plants nor animals.
The Fungi family is a family of protozoa that have chitin in their cell walls and are not capable of photosynthesis.
Another name of Matsutake mushroom per pound in Farsi is Samarogh.
Ordinary people also call it “divan hat” and “snake umbrella”.
Most of the fungi are gondroisoprotrophs, they live in soil and water and decompose plant and animal remains in these areas.
Fungi, like bacteria, are involved in the decomposition of substances and the circulation of elements in nature and are important.
The science of studying fungi is called mycology and the science of studying parasitic fungi for humans is called medical mycology.
These parasites cause many diseases.
Mushrooms are neither animals nor plants; Rather, they form a separate category of eukaryotes.
All of these categories are heterotrophs and need organic compounds to obtain energy and carbon for growth and reproduction.
Fungi are aerobic or facultative anaerobic.
Most fungi are saprotrophic, they live in soil and water and in these areas, they decompose plant and animal remains.
Fungi, like bacteria, are involved in the decomposition of substances and the circulation of elements in nature, and are important.
The science of studying parasitic fungi for humans is called medical mycology (these parasites cause many diseases).
Fungi have a great impact on nature.
A species of fungi turns grapes into wine by fermenting them.
Another species kills the grapes on the vine.
Another species causes the color of bathroom tiles to turn black, and other species of fungi cause or cure disease, or cause wood rot or regrowth of plant roots.
Unlike plants, fungi cannot produce their own food; Therefore, in order to continue living, they have to be consumers.
Heterotropharch is a set of eukaryotic organisms, heterotrophs, with filamentous organs and in some cases unicellular (yeasts), with sexual and asexual cycles, with diverse habitats (salt or fresh water, soil, plant , animals and humans) therefore, fungus is a Cosmopolitan, polyphage (omniphagous) being.
Also, the fungus may have absorptive nutrition, saprophyte, parasite or have a symbiotic relationship with plants and even animals.
We have 4 million unknown fungi and 75 thousand known species.
That is, approximately 5% of fungi have been identified and 95% of them are still unknown.
Most of the identified fungi can be cultivated.
These fungi are usually more identified in areas with mycology experts and remain unknown in areas where there are no mycology experts.